Bamboo gardening involves a little bit of care in the beginning, but the rewards are definitely worth it. Although you have to investigate what species is native to your local area, bamboo tends to be a very low maintenance plant that can weather many hard conditions.
Adding bamboo to your garden can give it an air of exoticness and serenity. Many people are scared of the rumors they have heard about the roots spreading wildly and even causing neighbor disputes over property lines. This can all be avoided by doing a small amount of research a head of time before planting.
Obviously clumping types are easier to deal with, as they tend to stay bunched together. However, even spreading bamboo can be controlled. By either partially or fully surrounding the bamboo with a thick piece of plastic you can direct the spreading of the bamboo roots.
Bamboo roots tend to stay more toward the top, so going down about 2 feet should suffice. Having the bamboo area slightly raised with a ledge will allow you to see the roots extending each year and easily trim the back.
Bamboo are very durable and low maintenance, but they do need a little attention once or twice a year. Thinning the leaves once a year will also bring them back to life, so to speak. The leaves tend to get quite full and you loose the natural lines of the stems. Clipping and sculpting as you go, bring out the beauty of the plant. Overall, the easiest way to do bamboo gardening is to plant the bamboo in a pot, paying special attention not to disturb the buds, and then burying the whole pot in the ground. In Japan this can be often be seen in many small gardens. Using a nicely colored pot like a royal blue or some other color that blends with any flowers around will add a bit of art to you bamboo garden. Let a good 3 inches stick out of the ground to display both the bamboo and the pot.